Pine, Scots | Pinus sylvestris

Scots pine is a softwood used for general construction purposes, flooring and joinery.

Other Names: Nordic Redwood, Scots Fir, Scotch Fir, Riga Pine, Norway Pine, Mongolian Pine, Red Deal, Yellow Deal

Overview

Scots pine is a softwood originating from northern Europe and Asia, the sawn form of which is used in general construction, flooring, paneling and interior joinery. Treated with preservatives it has also been used for poles and pit props. 

The sapwood of Scots pine is 50-100mm wide, creamy white or pale yellow, and readily identified from the yellow-brown to reddish brown heartwood. Its texture is relatively fine and the grain is usually straight. The growth rings are prominently marked by the darker, denser summerwood. The knots are usually grouped, whereas in White Baltic Pine they are much more randomly distributed. The wood is resinous; it is of low durability and not susceptible to lyctid borer.

 

Properties

Shrinkage

Very Low Low Medium High Very High
Tangential:          
0.0
Radial: 0 - 2

Strength Group

Very High High Reasonably High Medium High Medium Reasonably Low Low Very Low
Unseasoned:S1S2S3S4S5S6S7
Seasoned:SD1SD2SD3SD4SD5SD6SD7SD8

Stress Grade

Structural
No. 1
Structural
No. 2
Structural
No. 3
Structural
No. 4
Structural
No. 5
Unseasoned: F8 F7 F5 F4  
Seasoned: F14 F11 F8 F7 F5

Density per Standard

Unseasoned: 0 kg/m3
Seasoned: 510 kg/m3

Joint Group

Very High High Reasonably High Medium Low Very Low
Unseasoned:J1J2J3J4J5J6
Seasoned:JD1JD2JD3JD4JD5JD6

Colour

  White, yellow, pale straw to light brown Pink to pink brown Light to dark red Brown, chocolate, mottled or streaky
   

Mechanical Properties

Durability

Low Moderate Reasonably High High
(0 - 5 yrs) (5 - 15 yrs) (15 - 25 yrs) (more than 25 yrs)
In-Ground:
(0 - 7 yrs) (7 - 15 yrs) (15 - 40 yrs) (More than 40 yrs)
Above ground:
(0 - 20 yrs, usually < 5) (21 - 40 yrs) (41 - 64 yrs) (More than 60 yrs)
Marine Borer Resistance:
Lyctid Borer Susceptibility: Not Susceptible
Lyctid Borer Susceptibility - Other: Like all softwoods, Baltic Pine is not susceptible to lyctid borer.

Fire Properties

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
EFH Ignitibility:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
EFH Spread-of-Flame Index:
EFH Smoke-Developed Index:
1 - non-combustible 2 - reasonably non-combustible 3 - slightly combustible 4 - combustible
Fire Properties Group
Number:
Average Specific Extinction Area: <250
Bushfire Resistance: Not Tested

Description

Botanical Name: Pinus sylvestris
Preferred Common Name: Pine, Scots
Other Names: Nordic Redwood, Scots Fir, Scotch Fir, Riga Pine, Norway Pine, Mongolian Pine, Red Deal, Yellow Deal
Species Type: Softwood

Appearance

The heartwood of Scots pine is yellow-brown to reddish brown, and can be easily distinguished from the creamy white to pale yellow sapwood. The sapwood is 50-100mm wide. The grain is commonly straight and the texture relatively fine. Usually the knots are grouped, as distinct from white Baltic pine, where the knots are much more randomly distributed. The wood is resinous and the growth rings are marked by the darker, denser summerwood.

Common Applications

Scots pine is used for general construction, paneling, flooring and interior joinery. Treated with preservatives it can also be used for poles and pit props.

Workability

Scots pine is easy to work with and is a reasonably strong timber with a light weight. When treated with preservatives it is durable enough for outside use.

Origin of Timber

Asia, Europe

Origin of Timber - Other

Northern Europe, West and North Asia

Readily Available

NSW, VIC, SA, TAS, QLD, WA

Availability - Further Information

Scots pine is readily available in commercial quantities throughout Australia.

Source of Timber

Native Forest, Plantation

Applications

  • Flooring

    Whether for structural or finished flooring applications, timber offers durability, versatility and adaptability. The warmth, strength and natural beauty of timber flooring has proved enduringly popular in a wide variety of interior settings.

  • Framing

    Since people began building simple shelters, wooden framing has played an important role in shaping structures of many kinds. One of the most popular types of wooden framing is known as lightweight timber construction.

  • Timber Joinery Products

    Timber joinery products offer a classic, unique and stylish touch to any interior design.

Case Studies

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