WoodSolutions provides details about the timber species and materials available for building in Australia. On this page you can search hardwoods by botanical name, common name or application. Details for each species include; appearance, common applications, durability, strength, workability, termite-resistance and fire-resistance.


Gum, Grey

Eucalyptus propinqua

Grey gum is an extremely hard and durable native Australian hardwood timber, suitable for a wide range of engineering and construction applications.


Gum, Manna

Eucalyptus viminalis

Manna gum is an Australian hardwood timber of limited commercial availability. It is suitable for applications such as flooring, joinery, paneling, furniture and general construction.


Gum, Mountain

Eucalyptus dalrympleana

Mountain gum is an Australian hardwood timber species, useful for various applications ranging from furniture and flooring to general construction.


Gum, Mountain Grey

Eucalyptus cypellocarpa

Mountain grey gum is a hard and moderately durable timber species. It is suitable for a range of applications including general construction, flooring, paneling and sleepers.


Gum, River Red

Eucalyptus camaldulensis

The timber of the iconic river red gum has a reputation for durability, strength and for its distinctive brilliant red colouring ranging from pink to almost black.


Gum, Rose

Eucalyptus grandis

Rose gum is a fast growing Australian native hardwood with a wide range of applications from general construction to fine furniture making.


Gum, Shining

Eucalyptus nitens

Shining gum is a native Australian hardwood gaining popularity for its versatility, interesting colour and speckled appearance.


Gum, Southern Blue

Eucalyptus globulus

Southern blue gum is a widely forested Australian hardwood species. Its timber products are readily available and suitable for flooring, furniture and a range of general construction applications.


Gum, Spotted

Corymbia maculata, Corymbia citriodora and Corymbia henrii

Spotted gum is a premium Australian hardwood that is used widely in structural, exterior and internal applications.


Gum, Sugar

Eucalyptus cladocalyx

Sugar gum timber has few defects and is prized for its durability and attractive light orange decorative finish, making it an excellent choice for both interior features and exterior construction.


Gum, Sydney Blue

Eucalyptus saligna

Sydney blue gum is an Australian native hardwood timber species that is widely used in general construction and for flooring, furniture and joinery.


Gum, Yellow

Eucalyptus leucoxylon

Yellow gum is a medium sized native Australian hardwood valued for its toughness and durability. It is an ideal choice for heavy construction.


Hickory, American

Carya glabra

American hickory is considered one of the most important of the commercially available eastern USA hardwoods for its combination of strength, toughness, hardness, and stiffness.


Ironbark, Grey

Eucalyptus paniculata

Grey ironbark is a premium native Australian hardwood with a wide range of applications from industrial construction to house framing, flooring and sporting goods.


Ironbark, Red

Eucalyptus sideroxylon

Red ironbark is a very distinctive Australian hardwood that has been prized for over 200 years for its strength and durability.



Eucalyptus marginata

Jarrah is an Australian hardwood renowned for its versatility, durability and strength in a wide range of interior and exterior applications.


Johnstone River Hardwood

Backhousia bancroftii

Johnstone River hardwood is a native Queensland tree that produces a rich, striped, attractive timber. It is prized for its hard wearing yet handsome properties and makes excellent flooring.



Dryobalanops Spp, principally D.aromatica

Kapur is a large South East Asian hardwood with a broad range of applications including general construction and as an internal and external finishing material.



Eucalyptus diversicolor

Karri is a slow-growing, durable Australian hardwood that produces an interlocked grain and ranges from creamy to red-brown in colour.



Dipterocarpus confertus

Keruing is a hardwood native to South East Asia and used in a wide variety of internal and external applications.


Laurel, Camphor

Cinnamomum camphora

Camphor laurel yields a rich honey-coloured hardwood timber with a fresh camphor smell perfect for cutting boards, furniture and cabinetry.



Eucryphia lucida

The Tasmanian hardwood, leatherwood, produces an extremely even and fine-grained timber in a rich range of hues, with good workability and finish.

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