Softwood Species

Australia has a number of native softwood species — namely, the conifers or cone-bearers — including hoop pine, celery top pine, white cypress, to name just a few. These species occur naturally and are grown in plantations throughout Australia, particularly in the eastern states and Tasmania. Other non-native softwoods, such as radiata pine and slash pine, are also grown extensively in plantations throughout Australia.

Australia has approximately one million hectares of established softwood plantations (mostly radiata pine) and about 70 percent of the softwood timber we consume is domestically grown, highlighting the ready availability of softwood timbers for the Australian building industry. One of the advantages of farming softwoods is that they grow very fast, meaning that they can be harvested and replanted within a relatively short period, providing a renewable source of timber and wood products for construction and other purposes.

Softwood timbers and engineered wood products provide specifiers and builders with products that are structurally strong, lightweight, easily transported and worked on-site. Softwood timbers, such as those from white cypress or Douglas fir, can have higher durability and strength ratings than many hardwoods. Common uses for softwood timbers include structural framing, cladding and panelling, benchtops, flooring, decking, joinery, beams and poles. Plywood, LVL, MDF and other products that utilise softwoods are popular in shop-fittings, furniture and cabinetry, for their appearance, thermal and acoustic properties as much as for their durability.

To find the right timber for your project, search softwood species using botanical name, common name or applications.

 

Search Softwood


 

17 result(s) found


  • Western red cedar is versatile timber, commonly used for applications such as cladding, windows and joinery.

    Cedar, Western Red

    Botanical name: Thuja plicata, Common name: Cedar, Western Red.
    Western red cedar is a large softwood that grows in British Columbia and some of the nearby western states of the USA. A versatile timber, it is commonly used for applications such as cladding, windows and joinery.
  • Yellow cedar is a bright softwood, ranging in colour from soft yellow to light brown.

    Cedar, Yellow

    Botanical name: Chamaecyparis nootkatensis, Common name: Cedar, Yellow.
    Yellow cedar is a North American softwood timber renowned for its attractiveness, durability and ease of tooling.
  • White cypress is a highly durable Australian softwood timber. Its characteristic knottiness produces an attractive figure on exposed faces and decorative applications include turnery, carving, joinery, outdoor furniture, parquetry and linings.

    Cypress, White

    Botanical name: Callitris glaucophylla, Common name: Cypress, White.
    White cypress is a highly durable Australian softwood timber species. It is readily available throughout Australia.
  • Douglas fir boasts a striking figure on back-sawn surfaces, making it suitable for decorative applications including joinery, turnery and carving. It is also widely used in heavy and general construction, and for landscaping.

    Fir, Douglas

    Botanical name: Pseudotsuga menziesii, Common name: Fir, Douglas.
    Douglas fir is one of the world’s best-known timber species. Imported sawn timber products are readily available in Australia.
  • Western hemlock has a natural lustrous pale timber, sometimes with slight lavender cast and delicate dark grey or black streaks.  Its attractive appearance makes it a prized wood for carving and furniture, although it is also used in construction

    Hemlock, Western

    Botanical name: Tsuga heterophylla, Common name: Hemlock, Western.
    Western hemlock is a softwood native to North America. It produces a lustrous pale timber that is an attractive choice for carving.
  • Queensland kauri has a fine even texture that is pale cream to light or pinkish brown in hue, with a straight grain.

    Kauri, Queensland

    Botanical name: Agathis robusta, Common name: Kauri, Queensland .
    Queensland kauri is an Australian native softwood with a fine even texture, pale cream to light or pinkish brown heartwood and a straight grain.
  • Macrocarpa

    Botanical name: Cupressus macrocarpa, Common name: Macrocarpa.
    Macrocarpa has yellow-brown heartwood colour, darker in old trees, sapwood 40-50mm, is paler coloured. Air-dry density 475-485 kgm-3, wood is soft with a fragrant, spicy odour.
  • Caribbean pine is a yellow-brown, coarse-textured softwood commonly used for construction, engineering and decorative purposes.

    Pine, Caribbean

    Botanical name: Pinus Caribaea, Common name: Pine, Caribbean.
    Caribbean pine is a durable and easily workable softwood widely used for construction, engineering and decorative purposes.
  • Celery top pine is an attractive, durable and easily worked softwood, pale when cut and then darker with age, used in boatbuilding, joinery and turnery, and interiors.

    Pine, Celery Top

    Botanical name: Phyllocladus asplenifolius, Common name: Pine, Celery Top.
    Celery top pine is an attractive, durable and easily worked softwood, pale when cut and then darker with age, used in boat building, joinery and turnery, and interiors.
  • Hoop pine is a softwood used for flooring, joinery, furniture, and for general construction purposes. It ranges in colour from light yellow brown to pale cream, with a fine and even texture.

    Pine, Hoop

    Botanical name: Araucaria cunninghamii, Common name: Pine, Hoop.
    Hoop pine is a softwood widely used in general construction purposes, interiors, and for furniture.

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