Hardwood

WoodSolutions provides details about the timber species and materials available for building in Australia. On this page you can search hardwoods by botanical name, common name or application. Details for each species include; appearance, common applications, durability, strength, workability, termite-resistance and fire-resistance.

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Mahogany, Red

Eucalyptus pellita

Red mahogany is an Australian hardwood with a fine grain and stunning red colouring used for engineering applications, construction, furniture and turnery.

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Mahogany, Southern

Eucalyptus botryoides

Southern mahogany is a native Australian hardwood popularly used for indoor and outdoor applications as well as furniture and cabinetry.

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Mahogany, White

Eucalyptus acmenoides

White mahogany is a premium Australian hardwood used for structural, interior and exterior applications.

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Maple, American Hard

Accer saccharum

American hard maple produces timber with good strength properties and an attractive appearance. Its most common applications are flooring, cabinet making, furniture and interior joinery.

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Maple, American Soft

Acer spp.

American soft maple is about 25% less hard than American hard maple, making it easier to work but not as hard-wearing. It is widespread throughout eastern USA, but the big leaf maple grows only in the Pacific Northwest region.

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Maple, Oregon

Acer macrophyllum

The handsome Oregon maple grows on the pacific coast of North America and is prized for furniture and cabinetry veneers.

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Maple, Queensland

Flindersia brayleyana

Queensland maple is an Australian hardwood prized for its attractive wavy or curly grain, ideal for decorative furniture and musical applications.

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Marri

Corymbia calophylla

Marri is a distinctive bloodwood native to Western Australia used mainly for fine furniture crafting and flooring.

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Meranti, Light Red

Shorea argenifolia

Light red meranti is a tropical rainforest species found throughout South East Asia and the South West Pacific, where it is used for decorative purposes.

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Merbau

Insia Bijuga

Merbau is a popular hardwood from South East Asia used in a wide range of applications; from construction to indoor and outdoor furniture.

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Messmate

Eucalpytus obliqua

Messmate is a well-known Australian hardwood with timber varying in colour from pale browns through to light yellows with subtle hints of peach.

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Messmate, Gympie

Eucalyptus cloeziana

Gympie messmate is a strong, versatile and popular timber used for a wide range of interior and exterior applications.

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Oak, American Red

Quercus spp.

American red oak is the trade name for eight commercially available species of oak that are sold as both timber and veneer and used in a range of interior applications.

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Oak, American white

Quercus alba

American white oak is the trade name for a variety of hardwood species from the Quercus genus. The timber is imported from eastern USA and used for a variety of applications, including furniture, flooring and joinery.

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Oak, Tasmanian

E. delegatensis, E. obliqua & E. regnans

Tasmanian oak is a premium Australian hardwood timber encompassing three species that grow in the mountainous areas of Tasmania. It is a versatile timber perfect for both construction and interior applications, including flooring, panelling, architraves and skirting boards.

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Poplar, Balsam

Populus balsamifera

Balsam poplar is a hardwood imported in small quantities and used for plywood, boxes, artificial limbs, wood wool, brake blocks and match splints.

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Ramin

Gonystylus macrophyllus

Ramin is an imported straw-coloured hardwood used for mouldings, flooring, plywood, picture frames. Other applications include dowels, handles, turnery and carving.

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Rosewood

Pterocarpus indicus

Rosewood is a hardwood whose attractive colour has made it popular for furniture, panelling, veneers, and in the making of musical instruments.

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Sassafras

Doryphora Sassafras

Sassafras is a hardwood, straight-grained and yellowish-grey or brown in colour, used for cabinet drawer sides, brushware, small tool handles, turnery and plywood.

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Satinash, Grey

Syzygium gustavioides

Grey satinash is a hardwood used for general construction, interiors, furniture and decorative purposes.

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Satinay

Syncarpia hillii

Satinay is a hardwood of limited commercial availability that has been used for flooring, paneling, decorative veneers and furniture.

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Sheoak, WA

Allocosuarina fraseriana

WA sheoak is a hardwood used for flooring, furniture, roofing shingles, turnery and decorative purposes.

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Stringybark, Blackdown

Eucalyptus sphaerocarpa

Blackdown stringybark is a durable native Australian hardwood, suitable for a range of engineering and construction applications

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