Hardwood

WoodSolutions provides details about the timber species and materials available for building in Australia. On this page you can search hardwoods by botanical name, common name or application. Details for each species include; appearance, common applications, durability, strength, workability, termite-resistance and fire-resistance.

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Alder, American Red

Alnus rubra

American red alder grows on the west coast of the USA and is the most common commercial hardwood in that region. This attractive timber is used for furniture, interior mouldings, doors and turning and carving.

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Ash, Crow’s

Flindersia australis

Crow’s ash is a large hardwood species that is native to northern NSW and parts of Queensland. It is used mainly for flooring, boat building and outdoor furniture.

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Ash, Mountain

Eucalyptus regnans

Mountain ash is a large Australian hardwood that can be used for timber framing, flooring, internal applications and furniture.

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Ash, Silvertop

Eucalyptus sieberi

Silvertop ash is a large Australian hardwood that is commonly used for general construction and flooring.

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Ash, Victorian

E. delegatensis & E. regnans

Victorian ash is the trade name of two large Victorian hardwood species, alpine ash and mountain ash, that can be used for timber framing, internal applications and furniture.

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Balau

Shorea albida

Native to Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines, balau is a dense hardwood used mainly for heavy construction.

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Balsa

Ochroma pyramidale

Balsa wood is the lightest and softest commercial hardwood timber. White to oatmeal in colour with high silky lustre. Density 160 (120-220)kgm3, commercially preferred density range 120-160kgm3. Strength and stiffness approximately 50% that of Baltic pine (Pinus sylvestris).

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Beech, Myrtle

Nothofagus cunninghamii

Myrtle beech is an attractive Australian hardwood used for internal-use applications such as decorative veneers, paneling, joinery and flooring.

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Birch, White

Betula pubescens

White birch is a medium-sized hardwood native to parts of Europe, northern Asia, the Arctic and North America. (This is not Australian white birch)

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Blackbutt

Eucalyptus pilularis

Blackbutt is a large Australian hardwood that is commonly used for structural and exterior applications. It is also used to produce plywood.

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Blackbutt, New England

Eucalyptus andrewsii

New England blackbutt is a large Australian hardwood from the tablelands of northern New South Wales and southern Queensland used mainly for general construction.

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Blackbutt, Western Australian

Eucalyptus patens

Western Australian blackbutt is a large Australian hardwood from the forest areas of south west Western Australia. It is used for general construction, flooring and paneling.

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Blackwood

Acacia melanoxylon

Blackwood is a medium-sized Australian hardwood that yields an attractive timber often used for decorative veneers, furniture and paneling.

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Bloodwood, Red

Corymbia gummifera

Red bloodwood is a medium-sized Australian hardwood occurring along the coast of New South Wales and Queensland. It is commonly used in the production of round timber.

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Box, Brush

Lophostemon confertus

Brush box is a medium to large sized Australian hardwood that grows along the edges of the rainforest areas of New South Wales and Queensland. It is used for a variety of applications including flooring, cladding and bridge decking.

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Box, Coast Grey

Eucalyptus bosistoana

Coast grey box is a highly durable Australian hardwood often used for heavy construction applications and as round timber.

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Box, Grey

Eucalyptus moluccana

Grey box is a highly durable Australian hardwood often used for heavy construction applications and flooring.

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Brownbarrel

Eucalyptus fastigata

Brownbarrel is a large Australian hardwood from the north east of Victoria and the tableland districts and south coast areas of New South Wales. It is commonly used for protected general construction and internal applications.

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Calantas

Toona calantas

Calantas is a medium-sized hardwood that grows in parts of South-East Asia including the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. It is mainly used for decorative applications.

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Candlebark

Eucalyptus rubida

Candlebark is a medium-sized hardwood found in parts of the cooler, south-eastern states of Australia. It is not widely available and is used predominately for building framework.

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Cedar, Red

Toona ciliata

Red cedar is a large hardwood that grows in the coastal rainforest areas of eastern Australia and parts of Papua New Guinea and the Philippines. It is commonly used for decorative applications such as veneers and paneling.

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Cherry, American

Prunus serotina

American cherry is a hardwood native to eastern USA. Its heartwood ranges from a dark, rich red to a reddish brown, and is prized for high-end interior applications, turning and carving, and musical instruments.

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Coachwood

Ceratopetalum apetalum

Coachwood is a primarily decorative hardwood timber sourced from coastal rainforests of New South Wales and Queensland.

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Gum, Forest Red

Eucalyptus tereticornis

Forest red gum is a versatile, dense and durable hardwood, with a light to dark red heartwood perfect for flooring, decking, construction and furniture making.

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