WoodSolutions provides details about the timber species and materials available for building in Australia. On this page you can search softwoods by botanical name, common name or application. Details for each species include; appearance, common applications, durability, strength, workability, termite-resistance and fire-resistance.


Cedar, Western Red

Thuja plicata

Western red cedar is a large softwood that grows in British Columbia and some of the nearby western states of the USA. A versatile timber, it is commonly used for applications such as cladding, windows and joinery.


Cedar, Yellow

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis

Yellow cedar is a North American softwood timber renowned for its attractiveness, durability and ease of tooling.


Cypress, White

Callitris glaucophylla

White cypress is a highly durable Australian softwood timber species. It is readily available throughout Australia.


Fir, Douglas

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas fir is one of the world’s best-known timber species. Imported sawn timber products are readily available in Australia.


Hemlock, Western

Tsuga heterophylla

Western hemlock is a softwood native to North America. It produces a lustrous pale timber that is an attractive choice for carving.


Kauri, Queensland

Agathis robusta

Queensland kauri is an Australian native softwood with a fine even texture, pale cream to light or pinkish brown heartwood and a straight grain.



Cupressus macrocarpa

Macrocarpa has yellow-brown heartwood colour, darker in old trees, sapwood 40-50mm, is paler coloured. Air-dry density 475-485 kgm-3, wood is soft with a fragrant, spicy odour.


Pine, Caribbean

Pinus Caribaea

Caribbean pine is a durable and easily workable softwood widely used for construction, engineering and decorative purposes.


Pine, Celery Top

Phyllocladus asplenifolius

Celery top pine is an attractive, durable and easily worked softwood, pale when cut and then darker with age, used in boat building, joinery and turnery, and interiors.


Pine, Hoop

Araucaria cunninghamii

Hoop pine is a softwood widely used in general construction purposes, interiors, and for furniture.


Pine, Klinki

Araucaria hunsteinii

Klinki pine is a Papua New Guinean softwood usually seen as plywood in Australia. It is used for battery separators, ice cream spoons, joinery and furniture.


Pine, Radiata

Pinus radiata

Radiata pine is a softwood whose availability and ease of use make it popular for all kinds of construction and decorative uses.


Pine, Scots

Pinus sylvestris

Scots pine is a softwood used for general construction purposes, flooring and joinery.


Pine, Slash

Pinus elliottii

Slash pine is a softwood used in general construction, flooring, and for outdoor purposes such as decking, pergolas and playground equipment.



Sequoia sempervirens

Redwood’s rich colouring and durability make it a good choice for use indoors and out.


Spruce, Norway

Picea abies, syn. P. excelsa

Norway spruce is an economically important coniferous species grown in Europe and North America. It is used widely in general construction. Superior grades are prized as a premium tonewood.


Spruce, Pine-Fir

Picea glauca, Picea mariana, Pinus banksiana, Abies alba

Spruce-pine-fir, or SPF, is the generic name for a variety of softwood species imported from North America and used for housing construction frames.

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